Collection: Part Three

Unit 7 Research

Methods and materials

My specialist subject is Fashion Textiles Print, so for my final outcome I will like to create something that is created using a printing technique such as; lino print, screen printing, heat transfer or stencil printing etc. In this project I would like to focus on different textures through patterns and shapes so I would be using the workshops to create various textile print samples. To expand my options for final outcomes I want to create prints digitally and physically using a range of techniques. If we had access, I would like to digitally print a pattern (that I created) using a machine that would print it onto 2/3 metres of fabric. Due to the limited resources I am unable to use this machine so I will have to do it by hand. Another technique I would like to use is the laser print. However, I would have to cut out the print by hand which would be time consuming.

 

My first theme is decay and I will be exploring the different textures and patterns that are created due to living organisms expiring. If I were to choose this theme I would probably create a Textile print that I will put onto the body as if it is a sculpture. In order to create this outcome I would print using my chosen technique onto a huge piece of fabric and then construct it into a garment. In order to create this I would need to use the stitch workshop to construct the garment and use the screen-printing workshop to create the prints.

 

 

My second chosen theme is natural forms in plants. If I were to create a final outcome I would probably create a garment that is made out of the shapes on plants. In a previous workshop with Francis we had to draw using scissors. The aim was to help us conjure up ideas for silhouettes and pattern designs. In order to create this outcome I would cut out existing shapes from my sketchbook onto large paper and multiply and manipulate it into different sculptures.

 

My final theme is identity through social media and how an individual creates a persona online that is completely different to their character in person. I wanted to explore the different ways us humans communicate and how it impacts the way we perceive the world. If I were to make an outcome I would probably create my own glitch print based on observational drawings and pictures of people interacting with each other. The print could be coded with numbers or with coloured boxes. I would probably present it as an installation where people would walk into the room and be immersed by the different colours and codes. The viewer would be unaware that this surrounds us everyday in the form of Wi-Fi.

 

For this project I will definitely be doing the screen-printing workshop because it relates to my future discipline and it is a good method for transferring a design onto a surface. I will also use the stitch workshop to help me create the final outcome if it is a garment. Also, to help me with design development I will also use the drawing workshop because it will help me to communicate my ideas visually. As a designer I need the viewer to understand my thought process. Due to the limited amount of materials, I will have to do some of the techniques at home because it’s the only place I can do it. An example would be the heat transfer print technique that requires an iron and heat transfer paper.

 

One of my research references is the ‘Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red’, which is 888,246 ceramic poppies decorated around the Tower of London to commemorate the soldiers who died in the First World War. Unfortunately I will not be able to create ceramics in the 3D workshop but it would be an interesting approach to take for my project. If I were to create the ceramics I would have to create them by hand because each ceramic flower would be covered in my own print in a special way.

 

I found a textile designer called Brigitte Picavet, she is a textiles artist who recycles trash and combines it with mixed media in order to create textured and detailed paintings. Her prints are hand made and you can see this by how she applies the paint onto the canvas. It looks like it had been splashed on which indicates that her prints are one of a kind. During this course I want to explore all possible outcomes and step outside my comfort zone by using some unfamiliar materials.

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Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red

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Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red

One of my chosen themes is Natural form and from this I was looking at flowers and their relevance in this world. Between 17 July and 11th November 2014 the Tower of London was flooded with an art installation of 888,246 ceramic poppies to commemorate the soldiers that died in the First World War. It is estimated that over five million people visited the memorial and I was one of them.

 

From a far it looks like a red sea that is flowing out of the building but as you walk close to it you realise that it is handcrafted ceramic poppies. I was mesmerised by its overall composition and the huge crowds. I think that this was the most beautiful and respectable way to honour the soldiers especially knowing the fact that the people who placed the poppies are volunteers.

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Brigitte Picavet

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Brigitte Picavet

Brigitte Picavet is a textiles artist who recycles trash and combines it with mixed media in order to create textured and detailed paintings. She loves to recycle and this is showcased in her work where she collects and gathers disposables that are seen as useless and invaluable. She converts something impractical into luxury through creating art pieces that convey a luxury world of flowers and nature. Her work gives trash a new meaning and connotation giving the viewer another perspective.

 

Picavet’s work related to two of my themes Decay and Natural Forms. Objects and items expire but we are able to control or lengthen its serviceable dates. When I first saw her work (before reading what it was about) I thought her textiles piece was very beautiful and I love the use of mixed media in her work because it made it look three-dimensional. Although her work is free it gives off an elegant essence that makes it look calm and relaxing.

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Aphex Twin Visuals

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Ex Machina

Ex-Machina is a Sci-fi thriller movie about robots. The movie explores the gender roles and how all thoughts and decisions are influenced by “a reproductive urge, and no biogenetic impulse exists without a priori acknowledgment of attraction. For a machine to attain the status of “singularity” (the point at which the human and artificial become indistinguishable) it must have a sexual component.”

 

The movie slightly sexualises the robot by giving it human-like features and emotions that the machine is seen to express. From a religious point of view some viewers might question the inventors motive. It is as if the movie is trying to portray the creator of the robot as a god due to his ability to create a being.

 

Quote by https://www.theguardian.com/film/2015/jan/25/ex-machina-review-mark-kermode-alex-garland-vikander

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Catfish

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Andy Goldsworthy

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Alusion Cymat Corp

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Alusion Cymat Corp

Library Material research

Manufacturer: Alusion Cymat Corp

Tel: +9056969900 (Canada)

www.alusion.com

Category: Metals: Foam

Catalogue: Yes

Date: Sept 2011

 

When I saw this foam material it reminded me of the word decay because of its appearance. The foam looks like it is melting and it is covered in holes which suggests that it could be rotting and decomposing. The foam is grey coloured so it reminded me of a rock piece that would be at a construction site. The texture of the material is very hard and rough and not pleasant to touch.

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Hussein Chalayan

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Hussein Chalayan

Hussein Chalayan is a British based designer; he showcased his denim collection in the Paris Fashion Week 2013/2014. This collection was focused on denim and the different ways of constructing it so that it created multiple silhouette shapes. The most exciting part of the collection was the 3D foliage leaves because it reminded me of the patterns that are formed due to decomposition. The textures are beautifully placed and make the collection more interesting because of its bright colours against the solid dark denim. Although the textures are covering certain parts of the garment there is still an essence of grace and elegance when worn by the models.

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Susan Hotchkis

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Susan Hotchkis

Susan Hotchkis stood out to me because of her bold vibrant textiles print. Her prints are very intricate and you can see by the detail of the lines and patterns within her prints. Her prints are created using a number of techniques but due to the way she presents them onto the fabric it is hard to separate them. I love how expressive her prints are because you can tell that she had fun creating them because of how wild and embellished it is.

 

Her textiles print is inspired by the environment, she travels regularly so she creates her prints based on pictures of locations and places. Her prints are very abstract so there is no main focus or composition she is recreating. However, the textures she creates is very interesting because they resemble the decomposition from my theme.

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Ross Keseler

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Ross Keseler

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Festival of Britain, pattern crystals

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Festival of Britain, pattern crystals

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Festival of Britain, pattern crystals

Paternity’s mission was to combine different disciplines and industries. 1“More than 60 years ago, at 1951’s landmark Festival of Britain, the designers involved turned to the sciences for inspiration – looking through the microscope to the patterns that lie beneath the surface.” William Odell created a wallpaper design based on forms and structures of boric acid. The design looks mathematical rather than scientific because of how accurate and well placed the shapes are.

 

Similar to William Odell, I would like to use a microscopic camera to help me create a print. However, my print will not be an exact copy but my own interpretation.

 

1http://explore.patternity.org/news/pattern-beneath-the-surface-the-festival-pattern-group/

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Nature Magnified, 1984, Lenart Nilsson

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Hidden Beauty – Microworlds Revealed, 2002, Francis Bourély,

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Microcosmos, 2010, Brandon Broll

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Ignaz Semmelweis

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Ignaz Semmelweis

I realised that I needed to research an historical event that related to my theme so I looked at Ignaz Semmelweis. In the 1840s, he believed that the increase in women dying after giving birth was due to doctors not washing their hands. This led me to think about how much technology has evolved. During this era, there were no special materials that helped to identify illnesses like the ones we use today. As a generation we should be grateful that we are able to know and physically see what the problem is through microscopic cameras.

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Picasso Demoiselle d'avignon

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Picasso demoiselle d'avignon

This next artist reference was not initially planned. I created lino prints in a workshop and Ignacia said that it reminded her of Picasso demoiselle d'avignon. After creating the prints I decided to look at the image to see if they actually looked quite similar. I am not entirely sure if they look similar but I can understand the resemblances she saw.

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Mia-Jane Harris – Beautiful Corpse

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Mia-Jane Harris – Beautiful Corpse

In order to conjure up ideas for surface designs I wanted to research examples of designers who focus on organisms and their shapes. I found Mia-Jane Harris, who is an artist who has a solo show called the “Beautiful Corpse”. This exhibition reverses the viewers interpretation of mortality by forcing them to look at morbid close up objects associated with death such as skin, cells etc.

 

Although her work is quite gruesome, there is something about the work that fascinates me. Even though I am not personally a fan of morbid objects, there is something about her work that makes me want to stare at it. Her exhibition presents death and decay in a beautiful way and this is due to the colours. When I think of death I think of dark harsh colours however I see white communicates purity and innocence therefore reinforcing the name of the exhibition.

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Wolf Gang Tillman – abstract photography

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Wolf Gang Tillman

We had a speed dating for research workshop where we had to exchange ideas and research references with a partner. One of the research references I received was Wolf Gang Tillman’s abstract photography. These images were exhibited at the Morderna Museet, Stockholm and were themed around spirits and cultural identities within society.

My definition of photography is to be able to catch a moment/composition within time. However, I am not entirely sure what these images are. When I look at them I see a washed out background colour with strong bold flowy lines. These images have changed my interpretation of what a photograph is.

 

These images remind me of the mixture between ink and water so I could understand why my partner told me to research this artist. My theme is about microscopic close ups of living organisms, and just like these images, us humans don’t have control of how they move and change. But the excitement is from not knowing. As a response to this artist I want to create some water and ink print studies to see if I am able to recreate the same textures that are in the images above.

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Text box

Henri Matisse

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Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red

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Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red

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Brigitte Picavet

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Aphex twin visuals

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Aphex Twin Visuals

One of my themes is ‘Identity’ on social media and how we have a persona digitally, which is completely different to whom we are in person. It makes us question what is real and what isn’t. This theme reminded me of EDM concerts and how Djs use lights and electronics in order to create an atmosphere for their fans. As if the fans are stepping into a new world.

 

An example of this is Aphex twin visual who create electronic music. The lights and lazers create human-like characters that are either cast onto the crowd or onto a screen. These effects are very impactful because they reflect the artist and they are in sync with the songs. Personally, I find these types of visuals quite scary so it is not something that I would want to see at a concert.

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Ex Machina

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Catfish

There is a TV show called Catfish that is based off a 2012 film of a man who was talking to someone online who turned out to be a fraud in person. The TV show is centred on the dishonesties of online dating. The show is very popular because it is relatable to young people especially if those who have experienced the trauma of online dating. As a watcher of the show I find it very interesting because of the experience of the person revealing who they actually are after lying for a long period of time.

 

In each episode there is an element of surprise. The show stresses the impact of social media and how people use it in a negative way. Many of the catfishes are insecure about themselves and they use internet as a safe haven to be themselves.

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Andy Goldsworthy

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Andy Goldsworthy

Andy Goldsworthy is a British sculptor, photographer whose work includes a range of natural materials such as: snow, ice, leaves, bark, rock, clay, stones and twigs.

 

Andy Goldsworthy is usually identified as an “environmental sculptor” because his work consists of natural resources. He likes to play with the scale of his projects, often enlarging them to outrageous amounts. When creating his artwork he likes to manipulate the colour and lighting effects and perspectives. His artworks are easy to spot because they are always having a high colour contrast compared to its location. His choice of colour is very well thought out because when he displays his work he presented them in colour order.

 

His artwork is fragile because of the amount of time and delicate materials uses, so he photographs them straight after he made them just in case something happens. He has to make sure that he photographs his work before it collapses or melts, otherwise it will lose its value and his work will not be as significant.

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Cymat Technologies

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Cymat Technologies

Library material research

 

Manufacturer: Cymat Technologies

Tel: +9056969900 (Canada)

www.alusion.com

Category: Metals: Foam

Catalogue: No

Date: April 2015

 

Whilst in the library I came across a collection of materials that looked like they were decomposing. I was very interested by their different textures. They are quite bright and shiny but still have the decomposed aesthetic. To develop my work further I would create observational drawings of close ups of the textures.

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Antonio Marras

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Antonio Marras

An Antonio Marras spring-summer free spirited creation 2017 combines delicate feminine dress with beautiful nature inspired prints. The garments are very simple so that the viewer focuses on the design of the print. I am very fascinated by the placement of the prints on the garment because it compliments the shapes of the dress. The prints have limited colours, which means that the viewer is not overwhelmed in a negative way by the print. I can tell that some of the prints have been hand drawn by the sharpness of the lines.

 

This will help generate ideas for how I will present my final outcome on to the body. I want to make sure that the textiles print is the main focus just like this collection.

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Clare Burchell

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Clare Burchell

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Clare Burchell

During this project, we will be doing a screen print workshop so I decided to research a print designer who specialises in screen-printing. This print designer is called Clare Burchell and she creates prints inspired by the surrounding area of Cornwall. It intrigues me how every print has a personal story behind it. I researched Burchell because I wanted to see what type of surfaces she screen-prints onto. She mainly prints onto a variety of silks and cottons with different coloured backgrounds to help highlight and make the pattern sharp. In my project I want to use her method of overlapping the prints onto one another to give my prints a new dimension.

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Pauline Verinder

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Pauline Verinder

Pauline Verinder is a textiles artist who creates textile samples out of found materials. She lived on a farm with her children so her money was short so she had to use alternative ways to produce art. When I first saw her work the colours and textures fascinated me because it reminded me of a previous stitching technique I did with the sewing machine. It is when you stitch onto dissolvable fabric and it only leaves the stitches.

 

I choose to research this textile designer because I was very intrigued by her textile designs using the sewing machine. It resembled my theme of decay. Her textile pieces look like pieces of sculptures and resemble sea creatures. They look mysterious because how they are constructed.

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Ross Keseler

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Rob Kesseler

Rob Kesseler is a Central St Martins professor who creates sculptures of close-ups of plants that have unusual forms and vibrant colours. 1“Pattern is an essential characteristic of human evolution, our brains are wired to identify and map a range of patterns as a way of navigating the environments we inhabit. It aids spatial awareness and conversely it is used by animals in the form of camouflage which disrupts pattern. It is a human trait for us to use pattern and the way it influences form as a way of likening and distinguishing one object from another.”

 

He presents the microscopic images as if it is a abstract piece of sculpture. When I look at the images I unaware of what exactly it is. These images could be deadly however when I look at them I see something beautiful and majestic.

 

1 Quote from - http://ualresearchonline.arts.ac.uk/7915/?_ga=2.72623579.990306848.1501151322-1825590051.1453113364

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Liquid Colour Floor Tiles

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Liquid Colour Floor Tiles

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Liquid Colour Floor Tiles

In the library, I found a liquid floor tile that made the ink inside move when someone steps on it. The top and bottom surface is sealed with rigid polycarbonate. I found this very fascinating because I felt like a little child stepping onto something magical. The liquid reminded me of cells and how they are constantly moving and evolving into another form.

 

I really like the way the liquid moves when pressure is applied by the foot. Even though the person is standing up, they are still able to see the liquid move freely. I took close up pictures of the floor tiles and they looked very abstract and mysterious. This is because I was not able to its borders, which made it look like a microspic image. Also, the pictures capture the liquid and this makes it dynamic.

 

www.laver.co.uk

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Nature Magnified, 1984, Lenart Nilsson

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Hidden Beauty – Microworlds Revealed, 2002, Francis Bourély,

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Microcosmos, 2010, Brandon Broll

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Library books

Whilst in the library I wanted to find more scientific information about microscopic images. Also, I wanted to find examples and images so that I can understand the difference between the images. Although majority of the images were deadly, I found the images very mesmerising and thought-provoking.

The shapes are very loose and irregular which makes it slightly therapeutic. It looks relaxing because the viewer doesn’t have to hard about what it is. It reminds me of the ink therapy images with abstract shapes and forms.

Each shape had its own distinct colour and pattern that made it easy to recognise. They all look majestic and it surprises me that all these images are on the human body. It reinforces the idea that the human body is a form of art internally and externally.

 

In this project I want to create observational drawings of these patterns and shapes that I can develop into my own print. The print would most likely be digital due to the three-dimensional effects. I would have to play around with photoshop by adding colour and duplicating the images.

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Bacteria and other Micro Organisms, 2004, Pepin van Roojen

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Peter Hoffman

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Peter Hoffman

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Peter Hoffman

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Peter Hoffman

Forget the photographer and information regarding these pictures. What do you see?

 

When I look at these images I see decomposition. It looks like bad cells are attacking the image forcing the image to deteriorate. When I saw these images I thought it was cells attacking other cells on a living organism. It slightly looks like a virus consuming an image. I reminisce to the times when I found old pictures and I see scratch or dirt marks on them. It makes me think about how pictures captures a specific moment in time and not even the image can last forever.

 

After looking at these images it made me start to question whether the marks on the images were intentional and they were. These two images are Peter Hoffman “From Fox River Derivatives” and images are centred on how destructive us humans are to our natural resources and the consequences that lie ahead of us. Although I can understand the artist’s point of view I am more engaged because of the textures and patterns than I am of the meaning behind the images. This is because the textures produced make it look like an unusual magical world and that excites me more than its original harsh reality meaning.

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Wolf Gang Tillman – abstract photography

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Wolf Gang Tillman – abstract photography

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Bibliography

Library Books

  • Decay, Nathan Troi Anderson, 2008, New York, Mark Batty Publisher.
  • The Mind’s eye, 2014, Jeremy Frommer and Rick Schwartz – Introduction by Ben Bova, The Art of Omoi.
  • Embellishment stitch, Felt Using Embellisher Machine and Needle- Punch Techniques – August 2008, Sheila Smith, Batsford.
  • Patterns – Inside the Design Library, 1948, Peter Koepeke, Page J & K, Phaidon Press Limited.
  • Nature Magnified, 1984, Lenart Nilsson, London, Macdonald & Co publishers Ltd
  • Hidden Beauty – Microworlds Revealed, 2002, Francis Bourély, Paris, Harry N.Abrams, Inc., Publishers
  • Bacteria and other Micro Organisms, 2004, Pepin van Roojen, Amsterdam, Pepin Press-Agile rabbit editions
  • Microcosmos, 2010, London, CLP Publishing, Brandon Broll

Online resources / websites / blogs

 

Visits (Museums / exhibitions / shops etc)

  • Natural History Museum - Cromwell Rd, Kensington, London SW7 5BD, UK – (Visited on 26th July)
  • Science Museum - Exhibition Rd, Kensington, London SW7 2DD – (Visited on 26th July)
  • Tate Modern - Bankside, London SE1 9TG – (Visited on 26th July)

 

Library Materials

  • Manufacturer: Alusion Cymat Corp - Tel: +9056969900 (Canada) - alusion.com - Category: Metals: Foam - Catalogue: Yes -Date: Sept 2011
  • Manufacturer: Cymat Technologies - Tel: +9056969900 (Canada) - alusion.com - Category: Metals: Foam - Catalogue: No - Date: April 2015
  • Liquid Colour Floor Tiles – www.laver.co.uk
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